Sexually transmitted disease surveillance 2014
Published Date:November 2015
Corporate Authors:National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention (U.S.). Division of STD Prevention.
Description:Acknowledgments -- Foreword -- Preface -- Guide to acronyms -- Figures in the national profile -- Figures in the special focus profiles -- Tables in the national profile -- Census regions of the United States -- National Overview of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs), 2014 -- National Profile: Chlamydia; Gonorrhea; Syphilis; Other Sexually transmitted diseases -- Special Focus Profiles: STDs in women and infants; STDs in adolescents and young adults; STDs in racial and ethnic minorities; STDs in men who have sex -- Tables: National summary; Chlamydia; Gonorrhea; Syphilis; Chancroid; Selected STDs -- Appendix A. Interpreting STD Surveillance Data: Table A1. Selected STDs: percentage of unknown, missing, or invalid values for selected variables by state and by nationally notifiable STD, 2014; Table A2. Reported cases of STDs by reporting source and sex, United States, 2014 -- Appendix B. National Objectives and Goals: Table B1. Healthy People 2020 (HP2020) sexually transmitted diseases objectives; Table B2. Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA) sexually transmitted diseases goals, measures, and target -- Appendix C, STD Surveillance Case Definitions -- Contributors.
Sexually Transmitted Disease Surveillance 2014 presents statistics and trends for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in the United States through 2014. This annual publication is intended as a reference document for policy makers, program managers, health planners, researchers, and others who are concerned with the public health implications of these diseases. The figures and tables in this edition supersede those in earlier publications of these data.
The surveillance information in this report is based on the following sources of data: (1) notifiable disease reporting from state and local STD programs; (2) projects that monitor STD positivity and prevalence in various settings, including the National Job Training Program, the STD Surveillance Network, and the Gonococcal Isolate Surveillance Project; and (3) other national surveys implemented by federal and private organizations.
The STD surveillance systems operated by state and local STD control programs, which provide the case report data for chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, and chancroid, are the data sources of many of the figures and most of the statistical tables in this publication. These systems are an integral part of program management at all levels of STD prevention and control in the United States. Because of incomplete diagnosis and reporting, the number of STD cases reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is less than the actual number of cases occurring in the U.S. population. National summary data of case reports for other STDs are not available because they are not nationally notifiable diseases.
Beginning with the publication of Sexually Transmitted Disease Surveillance 2010, redistribution methodology is no longer applied to any of the data to account for cases missing race, sex or age. The counts presented in this report are summations of all valid data reported in reporting year 2014. Because missing data are excluded from calculations of rates by age group, race/ethnicity, and sex, incidence rates by these characteristics, particularly by race/ethnicity for chlamydia and gonorrhea, appear somewhat lower than in reports released for data prior to 2010.
The collection of information on race/ethnicity has been standardized since 1997 in the United States from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). Following a revision in the National Electronic Telecommunication System for Surveillance (NETSS) implementation guide in April 2008, jurisdictions reporting STD data were to collect race according to the OMB standard categories: American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, black or African American, Hispanic or Latino, Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander, white and multirace. While 49 states collect and report data for at least one STD in formats compliant with these standards as of 2014, some jurisdictions only recently adopted this standard and used previous standards to report their case data to CDC in past years. In 2014, one jurisdiction reported data for syphilis cases in compliance with OMB standards, but reported chlamydia and gonorrhea using an outdated standard. Consequently, historical trend and rate data by race/ethnicity displayed in figures and interpreted in this report for 2010–2014 include only those jurisdictions reporting in the current standard consistently for 2010 through 2014.
Sexually Transmitted Disease Surveillance 2014 consists of four sections: the National Profile, the Special Focus Profiles, the Tables, and the Appendix. The National Profile section contains figures that provide an overview of STD morbidity in the United States. The accompanying text identifies major findings and trends for selected STDs. The Special Focus Profiles section contains figures and text that describe STDs in selected populations that are a focus of national and state prevention efforts. The Tables section provides statistical information about STDs at county, metropolitan statistical area, regional, state, and national levels. The Appendix includes information on how to interpret the STD surveillance data used to produce this report, as well as information about Healthy People 2020 STD objectives and progress toward meeting these objectives, Government Performance and Results Act goals and progress toward meeting these goals, and STD surveillance case definitions.
Suggested citation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sexually Transmitted Disease Surveillance 2014. Atlanta: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; 2015.
Supporting Files:No Additional Files
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