Comparison of Perinatal Risk Factors Associated with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), Intellectual Disability (ID), and Co-occurring ASD and ID
Published Date:Aug 2015
Source:J Autism Dev Disord. 45(8):2361-2372.
Autism Spectrum Disorder
Infant, Low Birth Weight
Intrauterine Growth Retardation
Low Birth Weight
Obstetric Labor Complications
Pubmed Central ID:PMC4608497
Funding:CC999999/Intramural CDC HHS/United States
Description:While studies report associations between perinatal outcomes and both autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and intellectual disability (ID), there has been little study of ASD with versus without co-occurring ID. We compared perinatal risk factors among 7547 children in the 2006-2010 Autism and Developmental Disability Monitoring Network classified as having ASD + ID, ASD only, and ID only. Children in all three groups had higher rates of preterm birth (PTB), low birth weight, small-for-gestational-age, and low Apgar score than expected based on the US birth cohort adjusted for key socio-demographic factors. Associations with most factors, especially PTB, were stronger for children with ID only than children with ASD + ID or ASD only. Associations were similar for children with ASD + ID and ASD only.
image/gif image/jpeg application/octet-stream
You May Also Like: