Venous thromboembolism : know the risks, signs & symptoms of blood clots
Published Date:August 17, 2015
Corporate Authors:National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities (U.S.). Division of Blood Disorders. ; ;
Description:Know the Lingo About Blood Clots
• Deep vein thrombosis (DVT): Blood clot located in a deep vein, usually in a leg or arm.
• Pulmonary embolism (PE): Blood clot that has traveled from a deep vein to a lung.
DVT and PE are also known as VTE (venous thromboembolism).
Blood Clots Affect Many People
• VTE affects as many as 900,000 Americans each year.
• As many as 100,000 people die of blood clots each year.
Everyone Is at Risk. Some Factors Can Increase This Risk.
• Hospitalization and Surgery - One-half of blood clots occur during or soon after a hospital stay or surgery.
• Being Immobile - Not moving for long periods of time (for example, extended bed rest or extended travel).
Other Risk Factors
• Older age
• Overweight or obese
• Family history of VTE
• Recent or recurrent cancer
• During and just after pregnancy
• Estrogen-based medicine such as hormonal birth control or hormone replacement therapy
• Injury and trauma
Know the Signs, Symptoms and Risk Factors
• Redness of the skin
• Difficulty breathing
• Faster than normal or irregular heartbeat
• Chest pain or discomfort, which usually worsens with a deep breath or coughing
• Coughing up blood
• Very low blood pressure, lightheadedness, or fainting
What You Can Do to Prevent Death or Complications of a Blood Clot
• Know your risksand recognize symptoms.
• If you have any symptoms, see your doctor as soon as possible. Blood clots can be safely treated by your doctor.
• Before any surgery, talk with your doctor about blood clots.
• Tell your doctor if you have risk factors for blood clots.
For more information, please visit: cdc.gov/ncbddd/dvt/index.html
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