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Venous thromboembolism : know the risks, signs & symptoms of blood clots
  • Published Date:
    August 17, 2015
  • Language:
    English
Filetype[PDF - 658.01 KB]


Details:
  • Corporate Authors:
    National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities (U.S.). Division of Blood Disorders. ; ;
  • Description:
    Know the Lingo About Blood Clots

    • Deep vein thrombosis (DVT): Blood clot located in a deep vein, usually in a leg or arm.

    • Pulmonary embolism (PE): Blood clot that has traveled from a deep vein to a lung.



    DVT and PE are also known as VTE (venous thromboembolism).



    Blood Clots Affect Many People

    • VTE affects as many as 900,000 Americans each year.

    • As many as 100,000 people die of blood clots each year.



    Everyone Is at Risk. Some Factors Can Increase This Risk.

    • Hospitalization and Surgery - One-half of blood clots occur during or soon after a hospital stay or surgery.

    • Being Immobile - Not moving for long periods of time (for example, extended bed rest or extended travel).



    Other Risk Factors

    • Older age

    • Overweight or obese

    • Family history of VTE

    • Recent or recurrent cancer

    • During and just after pregnancy

    • Estrogen-based medicine such as hormonal birth control or hormone replacement therapy

    • Injury and trauma



    Know the Signs, Symptoms and Risk Factors



    DVT Symptoms

    • Swelling

    • Pain

    • Tenderness

    • Redness of the skin



    PE Symptoms

    • Difficulty breathing

    • Faster than normal or irregular heartbeat

    • Chest pain or discomfort, which usually worsens with a deep breath or coughing

    • Coughing up blood

    • Very low blood pressure, lightheadedness, or fainting



    What You Can Do to Prevent Death or Complications of a Blood Clot

    • Know your risksand recognize symptoms.

    • If you have any symptoms, see your doctor as soon as possible. Blood clots can be safely treated by your doctor.

    • Before any surgery, talk with your doctor about blood clots.

    • Tell your doctor if you have risk factors for blood clots.

    For more information, please visit: cdc.gov/ncbddd/dvt/index.html

    CS252065B

    vte_risk-infogr.pdf

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