A Content Analysis of Preconception Health Education Materials: Characteristics, Strategies, and Clinical-Behavioral Components
Published Date:2013 Jan-Feb
Source:Am J Health Promot. 27(3 0):S36-S42.
Health Education Materials
Health Focus: Preconception Health
Manuscript Format: Research
Outcome Measure: Other
Research Purpose: Descriptive
Study Design: Content Analysis
Target Population Age: Youth, Adults
Target Population Circumstances: All Education Levels, All Income Levels, All U.S. Locations, All Races/ethnicities
Pubmed Central ID:PMC4591032
Funding:CC999999/Intramural CDC HHS/United States
Many health organizations and practitioners in the United States promote preconception health (PCH) to consumers. However, summaries and evaluations of PCH promotional activities are limited.
We conducted a content analysis of PCH health education materials collected from local-, state-, national-, and federal-level partners by using an existing database of partners, outreach to maternal and child health organizations, and a snowball sampling technique.
Thirty-two materials were included for analysis, based on inclusion/exclusion criteria. A codebook guided coding of materials’ characteristics (type, authorship, language, cost), use of marketing and behavioral strategies to reach the target population (target audience, message framing, call to action), and inclusion of PCH subject matter (clinical-behavioral components).
The self-assessment of PCH behaviors was the most common material (28%) to appear in the sample. Most materials broadly targeted women, and there was a near-equal distribution in targeting by pregnancy planning status segments (planners and nonplanners). “Practicing PCH benefits the baby’s health” was the most common message frame used. Materials contained a wide range of clinical-behavioral components.
Strategic targeting of subgroups of consumers is an important but overlooked strategy. More research is needed around PCH components, in terms of packaging and increasing motivation, which could guide use and placement of clinical-behavioral components within promotional materials.
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