HIV/AIDS surveillance report : U.S. HIV and AIDS cases reported June 1997
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HIV/AIDS surveillance report : U.S. HIV and AIDS cases reported June 1997

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  • English

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    • Journal Article:
      HIV/AIDS surveillance
    • Description:
      Midyear Edition Vol. 9, No. 1

      In addition to the importance of HIV/AIDS surveillance data for tracking and forecasting trends in the epidemic, data on the number of persons reported with AIDS are used to target and allocate resources for prevention and treatment services. Some of the tables and figures presented in the HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report include counts of cases (e.g., tables 1-3, 22; figures 3-5) which represent the number of individuals reported with AIDS or HIV infection. The number of cases reported cumulatively or during a recent time period indicates the size and characteristics of the populations affected by the epidemic and the distribution and impact of HIV/AIDS nationally.

      Through June 30, 1997, a cumulative total of 612,078 persons with AIDS were reported to CDC by state and territorial health departments (table 1). Of these, 84 percent were adult/adolescent men, 15 percent were adult/adolescent women, and 1 percent were children (under 13 years of age). Of adults/adolescents reported during the last 12 months (July 1996–June 1997), 36 percent were white, 43 percent were black, and 20 percent were Hispanic. Men who have sex with men accounted for the largest proportion of reported cases (38 percent). Among 609 children reported in the last 12 months, 15 percent were white, 63 percent were black, and 21 percent were Hispanic (table 6). Over 90 percent of these children were infected perinatally. In addition, 29 states that conduct HIV case surveillance of adults, adolescents, and/or children reported 86,972 persons who were diagnosed with HIV (excluding persons tested anonymously) but not yet diagnosed with AIDS (table 22). The demographic and risk/exposure characteristics of reported cases of AIDS and HIV are presented in tables 1-12 and 22-28.


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