Consistency with the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension Diet among Adults with Diabetes
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Consistency with the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension Diet among Adults with Diabetes

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  • Alternative Title:
    J Acad Nutr Diet
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    Few studies have documented whether the dietary patterns of adults with diabetes are similar to the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet. Our objective was to determine differences in the degree of consistency with the DASH diet among adults with self-reported diabetes (with and without self-reported high blood pressure) compared with those without either disease. It was a cross-sectional study using data from 5,867 nonpregnant, noninstitutionalized adults aged ≥ 20 years with two reliable 24-hour recall dietary interviews in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey during 2003-2004 and 2005-2006. Diabetes and hypertension status were obtained from a questionnaire, and degree of consistency with the DASH diet was calculated based on nine nutrient targets (0- to 9-point DASH score). Multiple linear regression (adjusting for age, energy intake, and other covariates such as education, race, and body mass index) was performed to compare mean DASH scores and mean nutrient intakes among adults with diabetes, with and without high blood pressure, to those without either disease. No statistically significant differences were seen in mean DASH score among the three groups in the unadjusted or fully adjusted multivariable models. Compared with adults without either disease, those with only diabetes had higher intakes of fiber (8.1 g/1,000 kcal vs 7.6 g/1,000 kcal; P=0.02) and total fat as a percentage of total energy (35.3% vs 34.1%; P=0.006), and those with both diabetes and hypertension had higher sodium intake (153.0% of DASH target vs 146.6%; P=0.04). This information about individual nutrients could help guide the development of education programs.
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