Evaluating the Association of Workplace Psychosocial Stressors with Occupational Injury, Illness, and Assault
Published Date:Jan 2011
Source:J Occup Environ Hyg. 8(1):31-37.
Pubmed Central ID:PMC3979455
Funding:1T01CD000189-01/CD/ODCDC CDC HHS/United States
AA013332/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS/United States
R01 AA013332/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS/United States
T42/CCT522954-02/PHS HHS/United States
This research project characterizes occupational injuries, illnesses, and assaults (OIIAs) as a negative outcome associated with worker exposure to generalized workplace abuse/harassment, sexual harassment, and job threat and pressure.
Data were collected in a nationwide random-digit-dial telephone survey conducted during 2003–2004. There were 2,151 study interviews conducted in English and Spanish. Analyses included cross tabulation with Pearson’s Chi-Square, and logistic regression analyses.
Three hundred fifty-one (351) study participants reported having an OIIA during the 12 months preceding the study. Occurrences of generalized workplace harassment (O.R.= 1.53; CI = 1.33 – 1.75, p≤ 0.05), sexual harassment (O.R.= 1. 18; CI = 1.04 –1.34, p≤ 0.05), and job pressure and threat (O.R.=1.26; CI = 1.10–1.45, p≤ 0.05), were significantly associated with reporting an OIIA.
The psychosocial environment is significantly associated with an increased risk of OIIA. Further research is needed to understand causal pathways and to explore potential interventions.
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