Hispanic Lesbians and Bisexual Women at Heightened Risk or Health Disparities
Published Date:Nov 28 2011
Source:Am J Public Health. 102(1):e9-15.
Pubmed Central ID:PMC3490549
Funding:R01 AG026526/AG/NIA NIH HHS/United States
U58/CCU002118-17/PHS HHS/United States
U58/CCU022819-1/PHS HHS/United States
U58/CCU022819-2/PHS HHS/United States
U58/CCU022819-3/PHS HHS/United States
U58/CCU022819-4/PHS HHS/United States
U58/CCU022819-5/PHS HHS/United States
U58/DP001996-1/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/United States
We investigated whether elevated risks of health disparities exist in Hispanic lesbians and bisexual women aged 18 years and older compared with non-Hispanic White lesbians and bisexual women and Hispanic heterosexual women.
We analyzed population-based data from the Washington State Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (2003–2009) using adjusted logistic regressions.
Hispanic lesbians and bisexual women, compared with Hispanic heterosexual women, were at elevated risk for disparities in smoking, asthma, and disability. Hispanic bisexual women also showed higher odds of arthritis, acute drinking, poor general health, and frequent mental distress compared with Hispanic heterosexual women. In addition, Hispanic bisexual women were more likely to report frequent mental distress than were non-Hispanic White bisexual women. Hispanic lesbians were more likely to report asthma than were non-Hispanic White lesbians.
The elevated risk of health disparities in Hispanic lesbians and bisexual women are primarily associated with sexual orientation. Yet, the elevated prevalence of mental distress for Hispanic bisexual women and asthma for Hispanic lesbians appears to result from the cumulative risk of doubly disadvantaged statuses. Efforts are needed to address unique health concerns of diverse lesbians and bisexual women.
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