Social Capital and Smoking Among Asian American Men: An Exploratory Study
Published Date:Mar 08 2012
Source:Am J Public Health. 102(Suppl 2):S212-S221.
Pubmed Central ID:PMC3359821
Funding:P60 MD000538/MD/NIMHD NIH HHS/United States
P60 MD000538/MD/NIMHD NIH HHS/United States
P60 MD000538-01/MD/NIMHD NIH HHS/United States
U58DP001022/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/United States
We examined how different dimensions of social capital (i.e., family and friend connections, neighborhood and family cohesion, family conflict) were associated with smoking behavior among a nationally representative sample of Asian American men and whether the associations varied by ethnic group.
The sample consisted of 998 adult Asian American men who participated in the National Latino and Asian American Survey from 2002 to 2003. We conducted weighted multivariate logistic regressions on data for the sample and for each of 4 ethnic subgroups (Chinese, Vietnamese, Filipino, and Other).
Vietnamese American men had the highest prevalence of current smoking; Chinese American men, the lowest. After controlling for sociodemographics, socioeconomic status, acculturation, and perceived discrimination, neighborhood cohesion was inversely associated with smoking among Asian American men, and family and friend connections and family cohesion were not. An exception was family cohesion, which was associated with increased odds of smoking among Filipino American men.
The relationship between social capital and smoking among Asian American men varied according to specific dimensions of social capital and was ethnicity specific. These findings highlight the need for smoking prevention and cessation interventions to take into consideration the heterogeneity that exists among Asian Americans.
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