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Worker Populations at Risk for Work-related Injuries across the Life Course
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Details:
  • Pubmed ID:
    22170632
  • Pubmed Central ID:
    PMC3322113
  • Description:
    Background

    Workplace injuries can have a substantial economic impact. Rates of workplace injuries differ across age groups, yet occupations/industry sectors at highest risk within age groups have not been identified. We examined workplace injury risk across industry sectors for three age groups using nationally-representative U.S. data.

    Methods

    Data from 1997–2009 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) were pooled for employed adults by age groups: 1) 18–25 (n=22,261); 2) 26–54 (n=121,559); and 3) 55+ (n=24,851). Workplace injury risk comparisons were made using logistic regression, with the Services sector as the referent and adjustment for sample design, gender, education, race/ethnicity, age, and income-to-poverty ratio.

    Results

    Overall 3-month injury prevalence was 0.88%. Highest risk sectors for workers aged 18–25 included: Agriculture/forestry/fisheries (Odds Ratio=4.80; 95% Confidence Interval 2.23–10.32), Healthcare/social assistance (2.71; 1.50–4.91), Construction (2.66; 1.56–4.53), Manufacturing (2.66; 1.54–4.61); for workers 26–54: Construction (2.30; 1.76–3.0), Agriculture/forestry/fisheries (1.91; 1.16–3.15), and Manufacturing (1.58; 1.28–1.96); for workers 55+: Agriculture/forestry/fisheries (3.01; 1.16–7.81), Transportation/communication/other public utilities (2.55; 1.44–4.49), and Construction (2.25; 1.09–4.67).

    Conclusions

    Agriculture/forestry/fisheries and Construction were among the sectors with highest workplace injury risk for workers across all age groups. Differences in highest risk industries were identified between the youngest and oldest industry groups. Our results indicate a need for age specific interventions in some industries, and a need for more comprehensive measures in others.

  • Document Type:
  • Collection(s):
  • Funding:
    1F31CA153937/CA/NCI NIH HHS/United States
    F30 AG040886/AG/NIA NIH HHS/United States
    F30 AG040886/AG/NIA NIH HHS/United States
    F30 AG040886-01/AG/NIA NIH HHS/United States
    F31 AR057687/AR/NIAMS NIH HHS/United States
    F31 AR057687-01/AR/NIAMS NIH HHS/United States
    F31 CA153937-01/CA/NCI NIH HHS/United States
    F31AR057687/AR/NIAMS NIH HHS/United States
    OH003915/OH/NIOSH CDC HHS/United States
    OH003915-06A1/OH/NIOSH CDC HHS/United States
    R01OH03915/OH/NIOSH CDC HHS/United States
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