Occupational Trauma and Mental Illness: Combat, Peacekeeping or Relief Work and the NCS-R
Published Date:Dec 2011
Source:J Occup Environ Med. 53(12):1360-1363.
Pubmed Central ID:PMC3243957
Funding:R25 CA057711/CA/NCI NIH HHS/United States
R25 CA057711-13/CA/NCI NIH HHS/United States
R25CA057713/CA/NCI NIH HHS/United States
T42 OH008416/OH/NIOSH CDC HHS/United States
Peacekeepers, relief workers and military members experience multiple traumas, and trauma is believed to increase risk for psychiatric distress. We examined whether combat and/or peacekeeping or relief work was associated with subsequent mental illness.
Using data from the US National Co-morbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R) (n = 2,383), we estimated whether combat, peacekeeping or relief work were associated with increased prevalence of mental illness through bivariate cross-tabulations and multivariate logistic regression.
Combat was associated with increased subsequent post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), alcohol or drug issues more than peacekeeping or relief work.
Combat, alone or combined with peacekeeping/relief work, appears to be a risk factor for subsequent PTSD and issues with drugs and alcohol. Peacekeeping/relief work without combat does not appear to be associated with these diagnoses.
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