Smoking initiation among youth: The role of cigarette excise taxes and prices by race/ethnicity and gender
Published Date:Mar 17 2011
Source:J Health Econ. 2011; 30(3):560-567.
African Continental Ancestry Group
European Continental Ancestry Group
State Cigarette Excise Taxes
State Cigarette Prices
Youth Smoking Initiation
Pubmed Central ID:PMC3110587
Funding:1 P30 CD000138-01/CD/ODCDC CDC HHS/United States
5 R03 CA101527-02/CA/NCI NIH HHS/United States
R03 CA101527-02/CA/NCI NIH HHS/United States
Description:Existing evidence for the role of cigarette excise taxes and prices as significant determinants of youth smoking initiation is mixed. A few studies have considered the possibility that the impact of cigarette taxes and prices might differ by gender or race/ethnicity. In this paper, we address the role of cigarette taxes and prices on youth smoking initiation using the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 cohort and discrete-time survival methods. We present results overall and by gender, race/ethnicity, and gender by race/ethnicity. We examine initiation over the age range during which youth are most at risk of initiation and over a period in which substantial changes have occurred in tax and price. The result for cigarette excise taxes is small and mixed across alternative specifications, with the effect strongest for black youth. Cigarette prices are more consistently a significant determinant of youth smoking initiation, especially for black youth.
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