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Adolescent Relationship Violence and Acculturation among NYC Latinos
Filetype[PDF - 241.91 KB]


Details:
  • Pubmed ID:
    25452217
  • Pubmed Central ID:
    PMC4452455
  • Funding:
    5-T32-MH-13043/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/United States
    T32 MH013043/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/United States
    U49CE000731/CE/NCIPC CDC HHS/United States
  • Document Type:
  • Collection(s):
  • Description:
    OBJECTIVES

    Acculturation has been shown to positively and negatively affect Latino health. Little research investigates the overlap between acculturation and the different types of relationship violence among Latino youth and most research in this area predominantly involves Mexican-American samples. The current study examined associations between indices of acculturation (language use at home, chosen survey language, and nativity) and relationship physical violence and sexual coercion, both received and delivered, among predominantly Dominican and Puerto Rican adolescents from New York City.

    METHODS

    From 2006-2007, 1,454 adolescents aged 13-21 years in New York City completed an anonymous survey that included the Conflict in Adolescent Relationships Inventory which estimates experiences of physical violence and sexual coercion, both received and delivered, in the previous year. This analysis includes bivariate and multivariate methods to test the associations between language use at home, chosen survey language, and nativity with the different types of relationship violence.

    RESULTS

    Among females, there is a significant association between language use at home and overall level of acculturation with delivering and receiving relationship physical violence; however, we did not find this association in delivering and receiving relationship sexual coercion. We found no association between acculturation and any type of relationship violence among males.

    CONCLUSIONS

    Among Latina females, language spoken at home is an indicator of other protective factors of physical relationship violence. Future research in this area should explore the potential protective factors surrounding relationship violence among Latina females of various subgroups using comprehensive measures of acculturation, household composition and family engagement.