Risk of Cancer Among Firefighters in California, 1988–2007
Published Date:May 06 2015
Source:Am J Ind Med. 58(7):715-729.
Pubmed Central ID:PMC4527530
Funding:1U58DP000807-3/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/United States
CC999999/Intramural CDC HHS/United States
HHSN261201000034C/PHS HHS/United States
HHSN261201000035C/PHS HHS/United States
HHSN261201000140C/PHS HHS/United States
U58DP003862-01/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/United States
Most studies of firefighter cancer risks were conducted prior to 1990 and do not reflect risk from advances in building materials.
A case–control study using California Cancer Registry data (1988–2007) was conducted to evaluate the risk of cancer among firefighters, stratified by race.
This study identified 3,996 male firefighters with cancer. Firefighters were found to have a significantly elevated risk for melanoma (odds ratio [OR]=1.8; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.4–2.1), multiple myeloma (OR 1.4; 95%CI 1.0–1.8), acute myeloid leukemia (OR 1.4; 95%CI 1.0–2.0), and cancers of the esophagus (OR 1.6;95%CI 1.2–2.1), prostate (OR 1.5; 95%CI 1.3–1.7), brain (OR 1.5; 95%CI 1.2–2.0), and kidney (OR 1.3; 95%CI 1.0–1.6).
In addition to observing cancer findings consistent with previous research, this study generated novel findings for firefighters with race/ethnicity other than white. It provides additional evidence to support the association between firefighting and several specific cancers.
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