Evaluation of sputum culture conversion as a prognostic marker for end-of-treatment outcome inpatients with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis
Published Date:Feb 26 2015
Source:Lancet Respir Med. 2015; 3(3):201-209.
Pubmed Central ID:PMC4401426
Funding:CC999999/Intramural CDC HHS/United States
Intramural NIH HHS/United States
To assess the validity of sputum culture conversion (SCC) on solid media at varying time points and the time to SCC as prognostic markers for end-of-treatment outcome in multidrug-resistant (MDR) tuberculosis (TB) patients.
Data on1,712 MDR-TB patients from two large cohort studies were analyzed. Measures of association were determined using random effects multivariable logistic regression. Predictive values were calculated using bivariate random-effects generalized linear mixed model.
Times to SCC and SCC status at 6 months were significantly associated with treatment success compared to failure or death. SCC status at 2 months was significantly associated with treatment success among patients without known HIV infection only. The overall association of SCC with a successful outcome was substantially stronger at 6 months (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]=14.07, 95% CI 10.05–19.71) than at 2 months (HIV-negative patients: aOR=4.12 [2.25–7.54]; HIV unknown: aOR=3.59 [1.96–6.58], HIV-positive: aOR=0.38 [0.12–1.18]). The 2-month SCC had low sensitivity (27%) and high specificity (90%) for predicting treatment success. Conversely, 6-month SCC status had high sensitivity (92%), but moderate specificity (58%). The maximum combined sensitivity and specificity for SCC was reached between the 6th and 10th month of treatment.
Time to SCC, SCC status at 6 months, and SCC status at 2 months among patients without known HIV infection can be considered proxy markers of end-of-treatment outcome in MDR-TB patients, but the overall association with treatment success is substantially stronger for 6-month compared to 2-month SCC.
USAID, the US CDC, the Division of Intramural Research of NIAID/NIH, and the Republic of Korea’s CDC.
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