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Long Term Outcomes in Children with Congenital Heart Disease: National Health Interview Survey
  • Published Date:
    Oct 08 2014
  • Publisher's site:
  • Source:
    J Pediatr. 166(1):119-124.
Filetype[PDF-490.06 KB]

  • Alternative Title:
    J Pediatr
  • Description:

    To assess the extent of long-term morbidity in children with congenital heart disease (CHD).

    Study Design

    We used data from the 1997–2011 National Health Interview Survey to study long-term outcomes in children aged 0–17 years with CHD. Parents were asked whether their child was diagnosed with CHD. We assessed comorbidities including autism/autism spectrum disorders (ASD); healthcare utilization including number of emergency room visits; and daily life aspects including number of days of school missed. These outcomes were compared for children with and without reports of CHD using odds ratios and chi-squared statistics.


    Our study included 420 children with and 180,048 children without reports of CHD; with no significant differences in age and sex. The odds of reporting worse health and greater than 10 days of school/daycare missed in the last year were three times as high for children with CHD compared to children without CHD. Children aged 2–17 with CHD were more likely than children without CHD to have had a diagnosis of ASD (crude odds ratio [OR]: 4.6, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.9–11.0), or intellectual disability (OR: 9.1, 95% CI: 5.4–15.4). The prevalence of emergency room, home, and doctors' visits were significantly higher in children with CHD compared to those without CHD.


    Reported adverse outcomes were higher in children with congenital heart disease. These findings, particularly those regarding neurodevelopmental outcomes, may be helpful for parents, healthcare providers, and others in assessing the specific needs of children and teenagers with CHD.

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