The Influence of Assets and Environmental Factors on Gender Differences in Adolescent Drug Use
Published Date:Jun 17 2014
Source:J Adolesc. 2014; 37(6):827-837.
Community-based Longitudinal Study
Positive Youth Development
Youth Illicit Drug Use
Pubmed Central ID:PMC4121597
Funding:1R03DA 025265-01A1/DA/NIDA NIH HHS/United States
5 U01 DP000132/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/United States
R03 DA025265/DA/NIDA NIH HHS/United States
Description:For adolescents, illicit drug use remains a significant public health problem. This study explored prospectively the differential effects of 17 youth assets and 5 environmental factors on drug use in adolescent males and females (Youth Asset Study - a 5-wave longitudinal study of 1117 youth/parent pairs). Baseline analyses included 1093 youth (53% female). Mean age was 14.3 years (SD = 1.6) and the youth were 40% Non-Hispanic White, 28% Hispanic, 24% Non-Hispanic Black, and 9% Non-Hispanic other. Analyses revealed that 16 assets for males and 15 for females as well as the total asset score were prospectively associated with no drug use. No environmental factors were prospectively associated with any drug use for males, and for a subset of females, only Neighborhood Support was significant. This study confirms and extends previous work regarding youth drug use by recognizing the importance of the protective effect of assets for both males and females.
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