Prevalence, patterns and predictors of substance use among Latino migrant men in a new receiving community
Published Date:Sep 14 2013
Source:Drug Alcohol Depend. 2013; 133(3):814-824.
Emigrants And Immigrants
Latino Migrant Men
Respondent Driven Sampling
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Pubmed Central ID:PMC3993992
Funding:1R21DA026806/DA/NIDA NIH HHS/United States
F30 DA033729/DA/NIDA NIH HHS/United States
F30DA033729/DA/NIDA NIH HHS/United States
H25 PS604346-16/PS/NCHHSTP CDC HHS/United States
R21DA030269-01A1/DA/NIDA NIH HHS/United States
R25 DA026401/DA/NIDA NIH HHS/United States
R25DA0264/DA/NIDA NIH HHS/United States
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence, patterns and predictors (individual, social, cultural, and environmental) of illicit drug use and binge drinking in a cohort of Latino migrant men (LMM) in a new receiving community.
A cohort of LMM in New Orleans (n = 125) was assembled in 2007 using respondent driven sampling and interviewed quarterly for 18 months regarding past month substance use and other potential covariates. Baseline frequencies were weighted using RDSAT and longitudinal analyses included generalized estimating equations (GEE) and the Cochran–Armitage test for trends.
At baseline, substance use behaviors were: drug use 15.0% (range 7.3–25.0%) and binge drinking 58.3% (range 43.6–74.6%). All three of these behaviors decreased over follow-up (P < 0.01). Baseline alcohol dependence and drug problem were 11.8% (range 5.6–24.3%) and 0.08% (range 0.00–2.7%) and both remained the same over time. Baseline rate of chlamydia was 9% (range 0.00–22.4%); all men tested negative for gonorrhea, HIV, and syphilis. For both binge drinking and drug use, having sex with a female sex worker was associated with increased risk, whereas belonging to a club or organization was associated with less risk. Additional factors associated with increased drug use were: having a friend in New Orleans upon arrival, symptoms of depression, and working in construction. An additional factor associated with less binge drinking was having family in New Orleans upon arrival.
Among LMM, substance use is influenced by social and environmental factors. Interventions increase community connectedness may help decrease usage.
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