Social Status Attainment during the Transition to Adulthood
Published Date:Oct 16 2013
Source:J Youth Adolesc. 43(7):1134-1150.
Latent Class Analysis
National Longitudinal Study Of Adolescent Health
Transition To Adulthood
Pubmed Central ID:PMC3989469
Funding:P30-AG021684/AG/NIA NIH HHS/United States
T32 AA007240/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS/United States
T32 DA007272/DA/NIDA NIH HHS/United States
T32-AA0072-40/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS/United States
T32-DA007272-20/DA/NIDA NIH HHS/United States
U48 DP001934/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/United States
Description:The transition from adolescence to adulthood is a critical time for status attainment, with income, education, work experience, and independence from parents accruing at varying speeds and intensities. This study takes an intergenerational life-course perspective that incorporates parents' and one's own social status to examine the status attainment process from adolescence into adulthood in the domains of economic capital (e.g., income) and human capital (e.g., education, occupation). Survey data from three waves of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (analytic n = 8,977) are analyzed using latent class analysis to capture the ebb and flow of social status advantages and disadvantages from adolescence (Wave 1) through young adulthood (Wave 3) into adulthood (Wave 4). The analytic sample is composed of 50.3 % females and 70.2 % Whites, 15.3 % Blacks, 11.0 % Hispanics, and 3.5 % Asians ages 12-18 at Wave 1 and 25-31 at Wave 4. Four latent classes are found for economic capital and five for human capital. The importance of parents' social status is demonstrated by the presence of large groups with persistently low and persistently high social status over time in both domains. The capacity of individuals to determine their own status, however, is shown by equally large groups with upward and downward mobility in both domains. These findings demonstrate the dynamic nature of social status during this critical developmental period.
You May Also Like: