Does Childhood Positive Self-Perceptual Bias Mediate Adolescent Risky Behavior in Youth from the MTA* Study?
Published Date:Jul 08 2013
Source:J Consult Clin Psychol. 81(5):846-858.
Attention Deficit Disorder With Hyperactivity
Randomized Controlled Trials As Topic
Funding:90DD0645/DD/NCBDD CDC HHS/United States
MH65899/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/United States
N01MH12004/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/United States
N01MH12007/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/United States
N01MH12008/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/United States
N01MH12009/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/United States
N01MH12010/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/United States
N01MH12011/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/United States
N01MH12012/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/United States
R01 MH065899/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/United States
U01MH50440/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/United States
U01MH50447/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/United States
U01MH50453/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/United States
U01MH50454/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/United States
U01MH50461/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/United States
U01MH50467/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/United States
UL1 TR000153/TR/NCATS NIH HHS/United States
This study’s primary aim was to examine whether the positive self-perceptual bias present in many youth with ADHD (Hoza et al., 2004; Hoza, Pelham, Dobbs, Owens, & Pillow, 2002) mediates the relation of childhood ADHD status to later risky behaviors.
Using a subset of children with ADHD and comparison children (n = 645) from the Multimodal Treatment Study of Children with ADHD, we predicted that a positive bias in childhood would partially or fully mediate the relation between having ADHD and risky driving and sexual behaviors eight years later.
Results strongly supported this hypothesis for risky driving behavior, but only provided limited support for risky sexual behavior.
Taken together, findings suggest that future research should explore whether self-perceptual bias may be a useful target of intervention for children with ADHD.
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