Spiritual and Religious Beliefs and Practices, and Social Support's Relationship to Diabetes Self-Care Activities in African Americans
Published Date:2013 Mar-Apr
Source:Diabetes Educ. 39(2):231-239.
Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring
Body Mass Index
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Hemoglobin A, Glycosylated
Midwestern United States
Religion And Medicine
Surveys And Questionnaires
Pubmed Central ID:PMC3859187
Funding:R25 CA057699/CA/NCI NIH HHS/United States
R01 NR010313/NR/NINR NIH HHS/United States
T01 CD000189-01/CD/ODCDC CDC HHS/United States
R25 CA057699-18/CA/NCI NIH HHS/United States
5R01 NR010313/NR/NINR NIH HHS/United States
T01 CD000189/CD/ODCDC CDC HHS/United States
The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship among spiritual and religious beliefs and practices, social support, and diabetes self-care activities in African Americans with type 2 diabetes, hypothesizing that there would be a positive association.
This cohort study used a cross-sectional design that focused on baseline data from a larger randomized control trial. Diabetes self-care activities (Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities; SDSCA) and sociodemographic characteristics were assessed, in addition to spiritual and religious beliefs and practices and social support using the Systems of Belief Inventory (SBI) subscale I (beliefs and practices) and subscale II (social support).
There were 132 participants: most were female, middle-aged, obese, single, high school-educated, and not employed. Using Pearson correlation matrices, there were significant relationships between spiritual and religious beliefs and practices and general diet. Additional significant relationships were found for social support with general diet, specific diet, and foot care. Using multiple linear regression, social support was a significant predictor for general diet, specific diet, and foot care. Gender was a significant predictor for specific diet, and income was a significant predictor for blood glucose testing.
The findings of this study highlight the importance of spiritual and religious beliefs and practices and social support in diabetes self-care activities. Future research should focus on determining how providers integrate patients' beliefs and practices and social support into clinical practice and include those in behavior change interventions.
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