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Predictors of Children’s Active Commuting to School: an Observational Evaluation in Five US Communities
Filetype[PDF - 127.39 KB]


Details:
  • Pubmed ID:
    23575275
  • Pubmed Central ID:
    PMC3749259
  • Funding:
    K07 CA131178/CA/NCI NIH HHS/United States
    5U38HM000459/HM/NCHM CDC HHS/United States
    K07CA131178/CA/NCI NIH HHS/United States
  • Document Type:
  • Collection(s):
  • Description:
    Background

    Few reports examined long term predictors of children’s active commuting to school (walking or cycling to school, ACS).

    Purpose

    To identify predictors of ACS over one school year among a sample of children with relatively high rates of ACS.

    Methods

    Parents were surveyed in September 2010 (Time 1) and April 2011 (Time 2). The dependent variable was children’s commuting mode to school (active versus passive). Independent variables included: 1) parents’ outcome expectations (from Social Cognitive Theory: the expected risks/benefits for their child doing ACS), 2) distance to school, 3) participation in an adult-led walk to school group, 4) temperature, and 5) child demographics. Generalized mixed-models estimated odds ratios for ACS (n=369 or 49.7% of Time 1 respondents).

    Results

    Males (OR=2.59, 95% CI [1.57–4.30]), adult-led walk to school group participation (OR=1.80, 95% CI [1.14–2.86]), parents’ outcome expectations (OR=1.26, 95% CI [1.14–1.39]), temperature (OR=1.03, 95% CI [1.01–1.07), distance to school (OR=0.23, 95% CI [0.14–0.37]), and Latino ethnicity (OR=0.28, 95% CI [0.12–0.65]) were associated with ACS.

    Conclusions

    Programs and policies sensitive to parents’ concerns, e.g. adult-led walk to school groups, and targeting Latinos and girls appear promising for increasing ACS.