Case Identification of Work-Related Traumatic Brain Injury Using the Occupational Injury and Illness Classification System (OIICS)
Published Date:May 2013
Source:J Occup Environ Med. 55(5):507-513.
International Classification Of Diseases
Sensitivity And Specificity
Traumatic Brain Injury
Funding:1R03OH009883/OH/NIOSH CDC HHS/United States
T32 HD057822/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/United States
T32HD057822/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/United States
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the most common, costly, and disabling occupational injuries. Objectives included determining whether work-related TBI could be reliably identified using the Occupational Injury and Illness Classification System (OIICS) and describing challenges in developing an OIICS-based TBI case definition.
Washington State trauma registry reports and workers’ compensation claims were linked (1998–2008). Trauma registry diagnoses were used as the gold standard for six OIICS-based TBI case definitions.
OIICS-based case definitions were highly specific but had low sensitivity, capturing less than a third of fatal and nonfatal TBI.
The use of OIICS versus ICD-9-CM codes underestimated TBI and changed the attributable cause distribution, with potential implications for prevention efforts. Surveillance methods that can more fully and accurately capture the impact of work-related TBI across the U.S are needed.
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