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Report to Congress on traumatic brain injury in the United States : understanding the public health problem among current and former military personnel
  • Published Date:
    June 2013
  • Language:
    English
Filetype[PDF - 1.53 MB]


Details:
  • Corporate Authors:
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.) ; National Institutes of Health (U.S.) ; United States. Department of Defense. ; ... More ▼
  • Description:
    Preface -- Goals of the Report -- Members of the Leadership Panel -- Executive Summary -- I. Introduction -- II. Pathophysiology and Mechanisms -- III. Diagnosis -- IV. Treatment -- V. Prognosis and Recovery -- VI. Surveillance -- VII. Epidemiology -- VIII. Prevention -- IX. Recommendation.

    The Report to Congress on Traumatic Brain Injury in the United States: Understanding the Public Health Problem among Current and Former Military Personnel is a publication of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in collaboration with the Department of Defense (DOD) and the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA).

    Since the beginning of Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) (Afghanistan) and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF), public health and health care-communities have become aware of the increased rates of traumatic brain injury (TBI) among active duty U.S. military personnel. Epidemiologic and clinical studies suggest that many of these military service-related injuries have serious long-term health and socioeconomic consequences.

    In response to these public health and medical concerns, Congress passed the Traumatic Brain Injury Act of 2008 (TBI Act of 2008), which requires the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the National Institutes of Health (NIH), in consultation with the Department of Defense (DoD) and Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), to determine how best to improve the collection and dissemination of information on the incidence and prevalence of TBI among persons who were formerly in the military; and to make recommendations on the manner in which CDC, NIH, DoD, and VA can collaborate further on the development and improvement of TBI diagnostic tools and treatments. To that end, the CDC, NIH, DoD, and VA formed a Leadership Panel of experts with extensive experience in epidemiologic and clinical research, and in treating and managing TBI and its consequences.

    This report presents the major findings and recommendations of the Leadership Panel and a review of relevant scientific literature and a thorough examination of current TBI-related activities and programs conducted by the four agencies/departments. It describes the public health importance of military service- related TBI, recommends how to measure the magnitude of the health and socioeconomic impact of TBI and suggests ways in which the four agencies/departments can collaborate further on the development and improvement of TBI diagnostic tools and treatments.

    Suggested Citation: The CDC, NIH, DoD, and VA Leadership Panel. Report to Congress on Traumatic Brain Injury in the United States: Understanding the Public Health Problem among Current and Former Military Personnel. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the Department of Defense (DoD), and the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). 2013.

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