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Interim U.S. guidance for monitoring and movement of persons with potential Ebola virus exposure
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  • Corporate Authors:
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.). Office of the Director.
  • Description:
    Definitions used in this document -- Early recognition and reporting of suspected Ebola virus exposures – Important evaluation factors -- Recommendations for evaluating Ebola exposure risk to determine appropriate public health actions -- Recommendations for specific groups and settings -- Table: Summary of CDC interim guidance for monitoring and movement of people exposed to Ebola virus.

    Updated: December 24, 2014

    The world is facing the biggest and most complex Ebola outbreak in history. On August 8, 2014, the Ebola outbreak in West Africa was declared by theWorld Health Organization (WHO) to be a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) because it was determined to be an "extraordinary event" with public health risks to other countries. The possible consequences of further international spread are particularly serious considering the following factors:

    1. The virulence (ability to cause serious disease or death) of the virus.

    2. The widespread transmission in communities and healthcare facilities in the currently affected countries and

    3. The strained health systems in the currently affected and most at-risk countries.

    Coordinated public health actions are essential to stop and reverse the spread of Ebola. Healthcare workers who take care of patients with Ebola are not only helping the nations facing the Ebola outbreak but also protecting people in the United States by helping to fight the outbreak at its source. The risk in this country will only be fully addressed when the current outbreak in Africa is over and the participation of U.S. and other healthcare workers from outside of the countries with widespread transmission or with cases in urban settings with uncertain control measures is essential to control the disease.

    With the complex nature and seriousness of the outbreak, CDC has created interim guidance for monitoring people potentially exposed to Ebola and for evaluating their intended travel, including the application of movement restrictions when indicated. This interim guidance has been updated by establishing a “low (but not zero) risk” category; adding a “no identifiable risk” category; modifying the recommended public health actions in the high, some, and low (but not zero) risk categories; and adding recommendations for specific groups and settings.

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