Measles & Rubella Initiative annual report 2013
Corporate Authors:Measles & Rubella Initiative. ; American Red Cross. ; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.) ; ... More ▼
Description:The Measles and Rubella Initiative (M&RI) is pleased to present our 2013 annual report on the global status of measles and rubella control and elimination. This year’s report highlights progress and challenges under the five strategies set forth in the Global Measles & Rubella Strategic Plan 2012 – 2020 and takes a deeper look at how countries are implementing these strategies.
The past year was a momentous one that marked the 50th anniversary of the introduction of the measles vaccine. The year 2013 also saw the World health organization (Who) Region of South-East Asia (SEAR) become the final region to commit to measles elimination and rubella control by 2020.
The impact of the measles vaccine on global public health has been tremendous. Before 1963, most of the world’s population caught measles by their 15th birthday, resulting in an estimated 100 million cases and over 2 million deaths annually.1 By 2000, four decades of steadily increasing use of the vaccine saw a dramatic reduction of cases to just over half a million annually. In 2002, the Americas declared that measles was eliminated from the region.
Between 2000 and 2012, measles vaccine coverage increased to reach more than eight in ten children globally, and deaths decreased by another 78 per cent to just 122,000 in 2012. during this same time period, the number of countries providing a second dose of measles vaccine through routine immunization services increased from 96 (50 per cent) to 145 (75 per cent). Routine immunization is regularly supplemented with mass immunization campaigns, with approximately 145 million children in 33 countries vaccinated in 2012 and another 211 million children in 33 additional countries in 2013.
Measles elimination continues to leverage the polio eradication platform.
In many countries, polio officers are extending their responsibilities to strengthen routine immunization activities through training of healthcare workers, providing logistics and cold chain expertise, ensuring the quality of measles campaigns and supporting district health departments in investigating and responding to measles outbreaks. Recognizing the value of these contributions, the M&RI set aside
funds in 2012 to fund the salaries of surveillance networks in several countries.
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