Malaria in post-earthquake Haiti : CDC’s recommendations for prevention and treatment
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Malaria in post-earthquake Haiti : CDC’s recommendations for prevention and treatment

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      Malaria is found in all areas of Haiti at a relatively low prevalence. The predominant malaria species being transmitted, Plasmodium falciparum, can lead to severe disease. Symptoms of malaria are nonspecific and can include fever, chills, headache, nausea, and vomiting. There are several drug options for the prevention and treatment of malaria, including chloroquine (CQ). There is no evidence of prophylactic or treatment failures with CQ in Haiti. One study1 found 6% of P. falciparum isolates collected in the Artibonite Valley in Haiti in 2006 and 2007 carried a mutation known to confer parasite resistance to CQ. The study authors noted that these findings do not serve as a basis for broad prophylaxis and treatment policy change, but do point out the need for heightened awareness of potential failure of CQ in persons in or returning from Haiti. CDC is monitoring the malaria situation in Haiti and will update recommendations as needed. F
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