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Childhood lead poisoning prevention activities under the Lead Contamination Control Act of 1988 : report to Congress for fiscal years 2001−2002
  • Published Date:
    2002
  • Language:
    English
Filetype[PDF - 249.64 KB]


Details:
  • Corporate Authors:
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.)
  • Description:
    The Lead Contamination Control Act of 1988 (the Act) authorized the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), acting through the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), to award cooperative agreements to state and local agencies for comprehensive programs designed to prevent childhood lead poisoning. The Act also requires the Secretary to report on the effectiveness of these programs to the House Committee on Commerce and to the Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions. This report includes information about program activities for fiscal years 2001 and 2002.

    Healthy People 2010, the nation’s blueprint for action to improve the public’s health, calls for elimination of childhood lead poisoning by the end of this decade. The most recent estimates from the 1999−2000 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey indicate that approximately 434,000 U.S. children younger than 6 years of age had elevated blood lead levels (EBLLs)—i.e., greater than or equal to 10 micrograms per deciliter of (whole) blood (μg/dL).

    CDC is mandated to support comprehensive programs to prevent lead poisoning in children. CDC-funded programs are part of an interdisciplinary federal effort encompassing programs administered through HHS, the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

    CDC-funded state and local childhood lead poisoning prevention programs (CLPPPs) are mandated to

    • Screen infants and children for EBLLS;

    • Ensure that lead-poisoned infants and children are referred for medical and environmental intervention;

    • Educate the public and healthcare providers about childhood lead poisoning; and

    • Implement the core public health functions of policy development, program assessment, and quality assurance in relation to lead poisoning prevention

    During fiscal years 2001 and 2002, CDC’s Lead Poisoning Prevention Branch directed a total of $63,385,856 to CLPPPs in state and local jurisdictions. The number of funded CLPPPS increased from 57 in FY 2000 (41 states and 16 local programs, including the District of Columbia) to 62 in FY 2001 (44 states and 18 local programs, including District of Columbia).

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