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Safe handling, treatment, transport and disposal of Ebola-contaminated waste
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Details:
  • Corporate Authors:
    United States. Occupational Safety and Health Administration. ; National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. ; United States. Environmental Protection Agency.
  • Description:
    Workers involved in handling, treatment, transport and disposal of medical, laboratory and other waste must be protected from exposure to Ebola virus—which causes Ebola virus disease—and from physical and chemical hazards that may be associated with waste management tasks.

    Ebola is spread primarily through direct contact with blood or other body fluids of a person who is ill with Ebola and from contact with objects contaminated with Ebola virus. Waste generated from caring for or cleaning up after an Ebola patient may pose a risk to workers if it is not handled safely or treated and disposed of properly.

    Safe handling, treatment, transport and disposal of waste that is suspected or known to be contaminated with Ebola virus begins at the point the waste is generated (i.e., the point of origin) and continues through final disposal. Waste may be generated at the point of origin during activities such as:

    • Using and discarding sharps, dressings, and other supplies while caring for a patient with suspected or confirmed Ebola;

    • Discarding supplies used for clinical laboratory testing of samples from a patient with suspected or confirmed Ebola;

    • Cleaning hospital rooms; ambulances, airplanes, and other vehicles; airport and other transportation facilities; residences; or other areas with suspected or confirmed Ebola-virus contamination; and

    • Removing and discarding disposable personal protective equipment (PPE) after working in an environment with suspected or confirmed Ebola-virus contamination.

    OSHA - DTSEM FS-3766 12/15/2014

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