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Trends in reportable sexually transmitted diseases in the United States, 2005 : national surveillance data for chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis
  • Published Date:

    December 2006

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  • Description:
    Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) remain a major public health challenge in the United States. While substantial progress has been made in preventing, diagnosing, and treating certain STDs in recent years, CDC estimates that 9 million new infections occur each year, almost half of them among young people ages 15 to 24.In addition to the physical and psychological consequences of STDs, these diseases also exact a tremendous economic toll. Direct medical costs associated with STDs in the United States are estimated at up to $14.1 billion annually. This document summarizes 2005 national data on trends in notifiable STDs — chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis — that are published in CDC’s report, Sexually Transmitted Disease Surveillance 2005 (available at These data, which are useful for examining overall trends and trends among populations at risk, represent only a small proportion of the true national burden of STDs. Many cases of notifiable STDs go undiagnosed, and some highly prevalent viral infections, such as human papillomavirus and genital herpes, are not reported at all.
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