TB drug resistance in the U.S.
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    Tuberculosis (TB) is a serious disease caused by bacteria that are spread from person to person through the air. TB usually affects the lungs, but it can also affect other parts of the body, such as the brain, the kidneys, or the spine. In most cases, TB is treatable and curable; however, TB can be deadly without proper treatment.

    TB bacteria can become resistant to the drugs used for treatment. When this occurs, treatment is often still possible, but it is complex, long, challenging, and expensive. Treatment can disrupt lives and have serious, potentially life-threatening side effects.

    Rates of drug-resistant TB remain relatively low in the United States, though nearly half a million cases of multidrug- resistant TB are estimated to occur globally each year.1 These cases underscore the need for ongoing vigilance and action, especially given the ease with which TB can spread through international travel and migration.

    The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention works with state and local health departments and other health care providers to prevent the spread of TB, track drug-resistant cases, assist with diagnosis as needed, and help ensure that patients with drug-resistant TB receive effective treatment and care.

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