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CDC investigation : CDC investigation and interim recommendations : outbreak of Salmonella Typhimurium infections -- United States, 2008-2009
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    HAN ; 280
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    Saturday, January 17, 2009, 17:20 EST (05:20 PM EST) CDCHAN-00280-2009-01-17-ADV-N CDC, in collaboration with public health officials in many states and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), is investigating a multistate outbreak of human infections caused by Salmonella serotype Typhimurium. As of January 16, 2009, 9PM EST, 474 persons infected with the outbreak strain of Salmonella Typhimurium have been reported from 43 states. Infection may have contributed to 6 deaths. Of persons for whom data was available, 107 (23%) were hospitalized. Of the 458 persons with available data, illness onsets were between September 8, 2008 and January 2, 2009. Age range was <1D98 years. A total of 47% of ill persons were females. The most severe illnesses occur among young children, the elderly, and people with impaired immune systems. The number of ill persons identified in each state is as follows: AL(1), AR(4), AZ(10), CA(60), CO(11), CT(8), GA(6), HI(3), IA(1), ID(11), IL(5), IN(4), KS(2), KY(3), MA(40), MD(8), ME(4), MI(25), MN(35), MO(9), MS(1), NC(4), ND(10), NE(1), NH(11), NJ(19), NV(5), NY(19), OH(64), OK(2), OR(5), PA(14), RI(4), SD(2), TN(9), TX(6), UT(4), VA(20), VT(4), WA(13), WI(3), WV(2), and WY(2). This outbreak involves a strain of Salmonella possessing two closely related pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) patterns (Xbal JPXX01.1818 and JPXX01.0459\JPXX01.1825). The case definition is illness in a person with a Salmonella Typhimurium infection with illness onset (or isolation, if onset date unknown) on or after September 1, 2008, and with an isolate matching an outbreak PFGE pattern.
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