Sexually transmitted disease surveillance 2000 supplement; Gonococcal Isolate Surveillance Project (GISP) annual report, 2000
Published Date:October 2001
Corporate Authors:National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention (U.S.), Division of STD Prevention.
Keywords:Effect Of Drugs On
Microbial Sensitivity Tests
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Microbial Sensitivity Tests/Statistics
Neisseria Gonorrhoeae/Effect Of Drugs On/Statistics/United States
Neisseria Gonorrhoeae/Susceptibility/Statistics/United States
Sexually Transmitted Diseases/Statistics/United States
Description:"Gonorrhea is the second most frequently reported communicable disease in the United States. Gonorrhea rates in the United States declined 73.9% during 1975-1997. However, in 1998, the reported rate of gonococcal infections in the United States (131.6 cases per 100,000 persons) increased by 7.9% compared with the 1997 rate (122.0 cases per 100,000 persons). The gonorrhea rates in 1999 (132.0 cases per 100,000 persons) and 2000 (131.6 cases per 100,000 persons) were essentially unchanged from 1998. Gonorrhea rates remain high in the southeastern states, among minorities, and among adolescents of all racial and ethnic groups. The health impact of gonorrhea is largely related to its role as a major cause of pelvic inflammatory disease, which frequently leads to infertility or ectopic pregnancy. In addition, recent data suggest that gonorrhea facilitates HIV transmission. Control of gonorrhea has been complicated by the development of resistance to antimicrobial agents. The appearance of penicillinase-producing Neisseria gonorrhoeae (PPNG) and chromosomally mediated penicillin- and tetracycline-resistant N. gonorrhoeae (CMRNG) in the 1970s eventually led to the abandonment of these drugs as therapies for gonorrhea. The current CDC recommended primary therapies for gonorrhea are two broad-spectrum cephalosporins, ceftriaxone and cefixime, and two fluoroquinolones, ciprofloxacin and ofloxacin.7 However, fluoroquinolone-resistant N. gonorrhoeae have been reported from many parts of the world, including the United States." -- p. 1.
Supporting Files:No Additional Files
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