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The History of violence as a public health issue
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    Preventing intimate partner & sexual violence -- Monitoring, tracking, and researching the problem -- Developing and evaluating prevention strategies -- Supporting and enhancing prevention programs -- Providing prevention resources -- Key publications.

    Violence is now clearly recognized as a public health problem, but just 30 years ago the words "violence" and "health" were rarely used in the same sentence. Several important trends contributed to a growing recognition and acceptance that violence could be addressed from a public health perspective. First, as the United States became more successful in preventing and treating many infectious diseases, homicide and suicide rose in the rankings of causes of death. Tuberculosis and pneumonia were the two leading causes of death at the turn of the 20th century. By mid-century, the incidence and mortality from these infectious diseases along with others such as yellow fever, typhus, poliomyelitis, diphtheria, and pertussis were dramatically reduced through public health measures such as sanitary control of the environment, isolation of contagious disease cases, immunization, and the application of new therapeutic and medical techniques. Since 1965, homicide and suicide have consistently been among the top 15 leading causes of death in the United States.

    Reprinted from: Dahlberg LL, Mercy JA. History of violence as a public health issue , AMA Virtual Mentor, February 2009. Volume 11, No. 2: 167-172.

    CDC-INFO Pub ID 211298


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