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Surveillance for viral hepatitis — United States, 2010
  • Published Date:
    8/26/13
  • Language:
    English
Filetype[PDF - 1.53 MB]


Details:
  • Corporate Authors:
    National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention (U.S.). Division of Viral Hepatitis.
  • Document Type:
  • Description:
    Commentary -- Background: Hepatitis A; Hepatitis B; Hepatitis C; References -- Technical notes: Investigations; National Notifiable Disease Surveillance System; Enhanced viral hepatitis surveillance sites; Mortality/death certificates -- Highlights of analyses: Investigations; Acute Hepatitis A; Acute Hepatitis B; Chronic Hepatitis B; Acute Hepatitis C; Hepatitis C, past or present -- Discussion -- Additional resources.

    As part of CDC’s National Notifiable Disease Surveillance System (NNDSS), viral hepatitis case-reports are received electronically from state health departments via CDC’s National Electronic Telecommunications System for Surveillance (NETSS), a computerized public health surveillance system that provides CDC with data regarding cases of nationally notifiable diseases on a weekly basis. Although surveillance infrastructure is in place for reporting of acute infection, reports of chronic hepatitis B and C, which account for the greatest burden of disease, are not submitted by most states. As noted in the 2010 report from the Institute of Medicine (IOM) (1), surveillance capacity to monitor both acute and chronic viral hepatitis is limited at the state and local levels, resulting in incomplete and variable data.

    Viral hepatitis is caused by infection with any of at least five distinct viruses: hepatitis A virus (HAV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), hepatitis D virus (HDV), and hepatitis E virus (HEV). Most viral hepatitis infections in the United States are attributable to HAV, HBV, and HCV. All three of these unrelated viruses can produce an acute illness characterized by nausea, malaise, abdominal pain, and jaundice, although many of these acute infections are asymptomatic or cause only mild disease. Many persons infected with HBV or HCV are unaware they are infected. Both viruses can produce chronic infections that often remain clinically silent for decades while increasing risk for liver disease and hepatocellular carcinoma.

  • Supporting Files:
    No Additional Files