Neighborhood Socioeconomic Change and Diabetes Risk
Published Date:Feb 11 2010
Source:Diabetes Care. 33(5):1065-1068.
African Continental Ancestry Group
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
European Continental Ancestry Group
Pubmed Central ID:PMC2858176
Funding:1-U48-DP-000048/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/United States
DK44752/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/United States
M01 RR000055/RR/NCRR NIH HHS/United States
M01 RR000055-430792/RR/NCRR NIH HHS/United States
R01 DK044752/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/United States
R01 DK044752-15/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/United States
To examine whether patterns in socioeconomic characteristics in Chicago over a 30-year period are associated with neighborhood distribution of youth diabetes risk.
RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS
Incident cases of diabetes in youth aged 0–17 years were identified from the Chicago Childhood Diabetes Registry between 1994 and 2003. Those with a type 2 diabetes–like clinical course or related indicators were classified as non–type 1 diabetic; the remaining cases were considered to have type 1 diabetes.
Compared with stable diversity neighborhoods, significant associations for type 1 diabetes were found for younger children residing in emerging low-income neighborhoods (relative risk 0.56 [95% CI 0.36–0.90]) and older children residing in emerging high-income neighborhoods (1.52 [1.17–1.98]). For non–type 1 diabetes, older youth residing in desertification neighborhoods were at increased risk (1.47 [1.09–1.99]).
Neighborhood socioeconomic characteristics in Chicago may be associated with the risk of diabetes in youth.
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