Raw Milk Consumption among Patients with Non–Outbreak-related Enteric Infections, Minnesota, USA, 2001–2010
Published Date:Jan 2014
Source:Emerg Infect Dis. 20(1):38-44.
Bacterial Enteric Pathogens
Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome
Protozoal Enteric Pathogens
Raw Milk Consumption
Shiga Toxin–producing Escherichia Coli
STEC Non-O157 Serogroups
Funding:5 U01 EH000698-03/EH/NCEH CDC HHS/United States
U50/CCU511190/PHS HHS/United States
Description:Raw milk has frequently been identified as the source of foodborne illness outbreaks; however, the number of illnesses ascertained as part of documented outbreaks likely represents a small proportion of the actual number of illnesses associated with this food product. Analysis of routine surveillance data involving illnesses caused by enteric pathogens that were reportable in Minnesota during 2001-2010 revealed that 3.7% of patients with sporadic, domestically acquired enteric infections had reported raw milk consumption during their exposure period. Children were disproportionately affected, and 76% of those <5 years of age were served raw milk from their own or a relative's farm. Severe illness was noted, including hemolytic uremic syndrome among 21% of Escherichia coli O157-infected patients reporting raw milk consumption, and 1 death was reported. Raw milk consumers, potential consumers, and policy makers who might consider relaxing regulations regarding raw milk sales should be educated regarding illnesses associated with raw milk consumption.
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