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Trends in out-of-hospital births in the United States, 1990–2012
  • Published Date:
    March 2014
  • Language:
Filetype[PDF-678.90 KB]

  • Corporate Authors:
    National Center for Health Statistics (U.S.)
  • Pubmed ID:
  • Description:
    In 1900, almost all U.S. births occurred outside a hospital; however the proportion of out-of-hospital births fell to 44% by 1940 and to 1% by 1969, where it remained through the 1980s. Although out-of-hospital births are still rare in the United States, they have been increasing recently. If this increase continues, it has the potential to affect patterns of facility usage, clinician training, and resource allocation, as well as health care costs. This report updates previous analyses to examine recent trends and characteristics of out-of-hospital births, including home and birthing center births, in the United States from 1990–2012, and compares selected characteristics with hospital births.

    Suggested citation: MacDorman MF, Mathews TJ, Declercq E. Trends in out-of-hospital births in the United States, 1990–2012. NCHS data brief, no 144. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2014.

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