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Infection control for viral haemorrhagic fevers in the African health care setting
  • Published Date:
    December 1998
  • Language:
Filetype[PDF-2.13 MB]

  • Description:
    Introduction -- Section 1. Use standard precautions with all patients -- Section 2. Identify suspected cases of VHF -- Section 3. Isolate the patient -- Section 4. Wear protective clothing -- Section 5. Disinfect reusable supplies and equipment -- Section 6. Dispose of waste safely -- Section 7. Use safe burial practices -- Section 8. Mobilize community resources and conduct community education -- Section 9. Make advance preparations to use VHF isolation precautions -- Annex 1. Standard precautions for hospital infection control -- Annex 2. Specific features of VHFs -- Annex 3. Planning and setting up the isolation area -- Annex 4. Adapting VHF isolation precautions for a large number of patients -- Annex 5. Making protective clothing -- Annex 6. Requirements for purchasing protective clothing -- Annex 7. Disinfecting water for drinking, cooking and cleaning -- Annex 8. Preparing disinfectant solutions by using other chlorine products -- Annex 9. Making supplies: sharps container, incinerator, and boot remover -- Annex 10. Sample job-aids and posters for use in the health facility -- Annex 11. Laboratory testing for VHFs -- Annex 12. Skin biopsy on fatal cases for diagnosis of Ebola -- Annex 13. Community education materials -- Annex 14. Conducting in-service training for VHF isolation precautions -- Annex 15. Local resources for community mobilization and education -- Annex 16. International and regional contacts -- References – Index.

    This manual describes a system for using VHF Isolation Precautions to reduce the risk of transmission of VHF in the health care setting. The VHF Isolation Precautions described in the manual make use of common low-cost supplies, such as household bleach, water, cotton cloth, and plastic sheeting. Although the information and recommendations are intended for health facilities in rural areas in the developing world, they are appropriate for any health facility with limited resources.

    This manual was prepared by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, Special Pathogens Branch, WHO Collaborating Centre for Viral Haemorrhagic Fevers and World Health Organization, Division of Emerging and Other Communicable Diseases, Surveillance and Control.

    Suggested citation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and World Health Organization. Infection Control for Viral Haemorrhagic Fevers in the African Health Care Setting. Atlanta, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1998: 1-198.

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