CDC influenza report no. 18, September 24, 1957
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CDC influenza report no. 18, September 24, 1957

Filetype[PDF-4.14 MB]

  • English

  • Details:

    • Alternative Title:
      Influenza symptomology in infants and young children, Sydney, Australia, Summer 1957
    • Description:
      "It is now evident that the opening of schools has resulted in a great increase in influenza cases. Most of the new epidemics reported are in schools and colleges in all sections of the country. Weather conditions appear to be unrelated to the recent increase, because many of these have occurred in Utah, Florida, and Arizona where mild weather prevails at this season. A listing of school outbreaks published below demonstrates their general character. Attack rates are averaging about 20% and complications have been rare. These school-centered outbreaks are already beginning to spread to the general community. A twenty-two-tear-old serviceman died in Arizona with Staphylococcal aureus pneumonia following influenza. He had received antibiotic therapy. This is the sixteen death due influenza or complications reported in this country. Fourteen others have been reported from Hawaii and Puerto Rico. Staphylococcal pneumonia has been a prominent cause of death in the younger age group in the United States. The weekly analysis of excess mortality from influenza and pneumonia in American cities reveals no remarkable increases. A tote of 6,957,032 ml. of Asian flu vaccine has been released to date. This includes 1,526,590 ml. released during the week September 11-18. Estimated vaccine production: September 12,200,000 ml, October 24,500,000 ml., November 34,500,000 ml. The subcutaneous injection of 1.0 ml. of Asian flu vaccine is recommended for routine adult vaccinations. Recent studies suggest that a single intradermal inoculation with 0.1 ml. is not a satisfactory substitute, and that a second 0.1 ml. intradermally is necessary in order to approach antibody responses obtained with the full 1.0 ml. subcutaneously. As part of world program sponsored by WHO, swine and horse infection by Asian strain influenza is being studied by state USPHS veterinarians. Pre-epidemic serum specimens are being frozen and will be compared with specimens from the same animals following t a human flu epidemic. An appendix describes the symptoms of influenza in infants and young children during the recent influenza epidemic in Sydney, Australia." - p. [2]
    • Content Notes:
      September 24, 1957.

      "For official use only; not for publication." - cover

      "Information contained in this report is a summary of data reported to CDC by State Health Departments, Epidemic Intelligence Service Officers, collaborating influenza diagnostic laboratories, and other pertinent sources. Much if it is preliminary in nature and is primarily in nature and is primarily intended for those involved in influenza control activities. It is understood that the contents of these report will not be released to the press, except by the Office of the Surgeon General, Public Health Service, U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare. State Health Officers, of course, will judge the advisability of releasing any information from their own state." - cover

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