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Pregnancy nutrition surveillance : 2010 report
  • Published Date:
    July 2012
  • Language:
    English
Filetype[PDF-527.39 KB]


Details:
  • Corporate Authors:
    National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (U.S.), Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity.
  • Description:
    The Pregnancy Nutrition Surveillance System (PNSS) is a public health surveillance system that monitors the prevalence of nutrition problems, behavioral risk factors, and birth outcomes among low-income women who are enrolled in public health programs in states, U.S. territories, or Indian Tribal Organizations (ITOs). The goal of the PNSS is to collect, analyze, and disseminate surveillance data to guide public health policy and action. The collected data are used to set public health priorities and to plan, implement, and evaluate nutrition programs for pregnant women. This report summarizes PNSS data from 2010 and highlights data trends from 2001 through 2010. The PNSS collects demographic data about maternal age, race and ethnicity, education level, household income, migrant status, and participation in food and medical assistance programs. Information about a mother’s height; weight before, during, and after pregnancy; hemoglobin and hematocrit levels; parity; medical care during pregnancy; and enrollment in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) also is collected. In addition, the PNSS collects information about patterns of maternal smoking and alcohol consumption 3 months before and during pregnancy. Data collected about infants include date of birth, birthweight, and breastfeeding status. Data are collected at the clinic level, aggregated at the state level, and then submitted to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for analysis. The PNSS generates surveillance reports for each contributor and for the nation, using results from participating contributors. A contributor is defined as a state, U.S. territory, or ITO. In 2010, the PNSS included 29 states, the District of Columbia, 3 ITOs, and 1 U.S. territory (Figure 1). These contributors provided nearly 1.2 million records to the system, nearly 60% more records than were collected in 2001. This gain is largely because of the increased number of contributors to the PNSS over the 10-year period. Fluctuations in the number of contributors and records can affect trends. The number of PNSS contributors shown differs slightly from year to year because some contributors did not provide data every year during the 10-year period from 2001 through 2010 (Table 1). The WIC program has consistently been the primary source of PNSS data, contributing 100% of the records in 2010.

    Suggested citation: Dalenius K, Brindley P, Smith B, Reinold C, Grummer-Strawn L. Pregnancy Nutrition Surveillance 2010 Report. Atlanta: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 2012.

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