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Global Polio Eradication Initiative : annual report 2012
  • Published Date:
    November 2013
  • Language:
    English
Filetype[PDF - 3.08 MB]


Details:
  • Corporate Authors:
    World Health Organization. Global Polio Eradication Initiative. ; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.) ; Rotary International. ; ... More ▼
  • Document Type:
  • Description:
    Executive summary -- Key events 2012 -- Stopping transmission of polioviruses: Nigeria, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Protecting the gains -- Securing a lasting polio-free world: the polio endgame – Financing the emergency – Annex: Status report of the global milestones and process indicators of the GPEI Strategic Plan 2010-2012 -- Acronyms and abbreviations

    The year 2012 marked the final year of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) Strategic Plan 2010- 2012 and gave birth to an emergency approach to finish polio eradication. At the beginning of the Plan three years ago, polio was rampant across 23 countries and more than 1,500 children were paralysed for life that year. The disease was widespread across the remaining endemic countries. Re-established transmission of poliovirus was continuing in four countries. Most worryingly of all, endemic polio clung stubbornly to two parts of India, despite the regular and consistent implementation of massive supplementary immunization activities. New tools and tailored approaches, including the new bivalent oral polio vaccine (OPV), began to be implemented in all remaining endemic and re-infected areas, under the auspices of the Strategic Plan 2010- 2012. By the end of its period, although the milestone of stopping all poliovirus transmission by end-2012 was missed, the Plan had brought the world to the brink of eradication. All persistent outbreaks were successfully stopped. New outbreaks were stopped within six months. Re- established poliovirus transmission was interrupted in three of four countries – Angola, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DR Congo) and South Sudan. The fourth country, Chad, was on track to doing so at the end of 2012. Polio was geographically increasingly restricted in Nigeria, Pakistan and Afghanistan. And India, long regarded as the most challenging place from where to eradicate polio, achieved success, putting to rest the question of the technical feasibility of eradication.

    WHO/POLIO/13.03

  • Supporting Files:
    No Additional Files