CDC bulletin, vol. IX, no. 1, January 1950.
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CDC bulletin, vol. IX, no. 1, January 1950.

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    On cover: Malaria.

    The United States is doing its part toward achievement of one ultimate goal of the World Health Organization--"the eradication of malaria from the world." Thus spoke Dr. Justin M. Andrews, Deputy Officer in Charge of the Communicable Disease Center, at a meeting in December in Tampa, Fla, of the American Association of Economic Entomology. "The effort now aimed at the eradication of malaria as an endemic disease in the United States is the culmination of a long series of antimalarial activities--purposeful and fortuitous--which have been carried on in this country for about 50 years," Dr. Andrews said. But the United States, Dr. Andrews pointed out, is not the only area in which malaria eradication programs are being carried on. "The availability of DDT and other residual insecticides since World War II has led to more or less ambitious attempts a t the regional extinction of malaria insect carriers," he said. A leading malariologist, Dr. Andrews is president-elect of the National Malaria Society. "Endemic malaria is not yet eradicated from this country," Dr. Andrews explained. "When it will be is uncertain and may even be a matter of definition -- but it is of transcendent importance to the Federal, State, and local agencies supporting the eradication program to have available the best considered information on this subject. Hence, he pointed out, the CDC has asked the National Malaria Society to provide a suitable gauge by which to measure the accomplishments toward eradication. The CDC, meanwhile, according to Dr. Andrews, (1) is trying to make the reporting of malaria more accurate; (2) is improving laboratory diagnostic facilities in all the States by training technicians in the recognition of parasites; (3) has "malaria detectives" in State health departments to investigate deaths and cases alleged to have been caused by malaria; (4) is operating malaria observation and investigational stations at Helena, Ark.; Newton, Ga.; and Manning, S. C.; (5) has undertaken "a campaign of national and State publicity to inform practicing physicians about the eradication program and to emphasize the practitioner's role in it. Doctors are being urged to diagnose and report malaria on a more scientific basis." State health departments and the Communicable Disease Center are now at the midpoint of an ambitious 5-year program to wipe out malaria as a major public health problem in the United States.

    The United States and malaria -- Laboratory diagnosis of malaria / M.M. Brooke -- A Review of existing insect abatement legislation / Leslie D. Beadle and Nelson H. Rector -- Some highlights of the 1949 residual spray programs / Porter A. Stephens -- Results of the residual DDT spray program against malaria mosquitoes, 1945-1949 / F. Earle Lyman -- Epidemiological appraisal of malaria morbidity and mortality in five southern states / Griffith E. Quinby -- Book review: The Natural history of mosquitoes -- Time-motion study items and exposure time of residual spray labor to DDT / Porter A. Stephens -- Accomplishments and costs of the residual spray program, F.Y. 1947-1949 / Porter A. Stephens -- Idea exchange: Preliminary observations on the biotic potential of Anopheles quadrimaculatus / R.E. Bellamy -- -- Pictorial reviews: -- 1 . Spraytime [CDC 5-028, Released 1945, 14 minutes; filmstrip] -- 2 . Identification of female Anophelines of the United States [CDC 5-019.0, Released 1946, 21 minutes; filmstrip] -- 3 . Preparation and staining of blood films [CDC 4-007, Released 1946, 17 minutes; motion picture] -- -- Morbidity data -- Center highlights: Administrative, Audio-Visual Production, Engineering, Entomology, Epidemiology, Laboratory, Technical Development, Training, Veterinary Public Health.

    U.S. Public Health Service, Federal Security Agency.


    58 printed pages

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