Racial Disparities in Diabetes-related Preventive Care: Results From the Missouri Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
Published Date:Jun 15 2006
Source:Prev Chronic Dis. 2006; 3(3).
Racial disparities exist in the rates of diabetes complications in the United States and in the state of Missouri. It is unclear to what degree such disparities involve diabetes-related preventive care. We sought evidence for racial disparities in diabetes-related preventive care between non-Hispanic blacks and whites in Missouri.
We analyzed data from the Missouri Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System from 1994 through 2002. This state-specific survey is conducted annually among a representative sample of Missourians. We examined data from 842 Missourians who reported a diagnosis of type 1 or type 2 diabetes and who had consulted a health professional in the 12 months before they were interviewed. We analyzed reported receipt of glycosylated hemoglobin testing, foot examinations, and dilated eye examinations in the year before interview.
Non-Hispanic blacks were significantly less likely than whites to report having had glycosylated hemoglobin testing (odds ratio [OR], 0.47; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.22–0.99) but more likely to report having received foot examinations (OR, 1.99; 95% CI, 1.21–2.39). There was no difference between blacks and whites in the probability of dilated eye examinations (OR, 1.49; 95% CI, 0.94–2.36).
Compared with whites, non-Hispanic blacks in Missouri receive adequate screening for diabetic complications but not for glycemic control. Further studies are needed to investigate whether these disparities are linked to differences in the rate of diabetes complications in Missouri.
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