Welcome to CDC stacks | Detection of Streptococcus pneumoniae from Different Types of Nasopharyngeal Swabs in Children - 19587 | CDC Public Access
Stacks Logo
Advanced Search
Select up to three search categories and corresponding keywords using the fields to the right. Refer to the Help section for more detailed instructions.
 
 
Help
Clear All Simple Search
Advanced Search
Detection of Streptococcus pneumoniae from Different Types of Nasopharyngeal Swabs in Children
  • Published Date:
    Jun 26 2013
  • Source:
    PLoS One. 2013; 8(6).
Filetype[PDF-184.41 KB]


Details:
  • Description:
    Background

    A better understanding of the epidemiology of nasopharyngeal carriage of Streptococcus pneumoniae is important to assess the impact of vaccination and the pathogenesis of pneumococcal disease. We compared the recovery of S. pneumoniae from nylon flocked, Dacron and rayon swabs.

    Methods

    The recovery of S. pneumoniae from mocked specimens using flocked, Dacron and rayon swabs were compared by culture. The yield from paired nasopharyngeal (NP) samples obtained from healthy children sampled with flocked and Dacron swabs was also determined using culture and lytA-targeted real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR).

    Results

    Using mock specimen, the percentage recovery of S. pneumoniae ATCC 49619 (serotype 19F) strain from the flocked swabs was 100%, while it was 41% from Dacron swabs and 7% from rayon swabs. Similar results were observed for S. pneumoniae serotypes 1 and 5. S. pneumoniae was cultured from 18 of 42 (43%) paired NP samples from the healthy children (median age 8 [interquartile range (IQR) 5–16] months). The median number of colony-forming units (CFU) recovered from flocked swabs was two-fold higher (8.8×104 CFU/mL [IQR, 2.0×102 – 4.0×105 CFU/mL]) than Dacron swabs (3.7×104 CFU/mL [IQR, 4.0×102–3.2×105 CFU/mL], p = 0.17). Using lytA-targeted qPCR from paired NP samples, the median copy number of S. pneumoniae detected from flocked swabs was significantly higher than from Dacron swabs (3.0×105 genome copies/mL [IQR, 1.3×102−1.8×106] vs. 9.3×104 genome copies/mL [IQR, 7.0×101−1.1×106]; p = 0.005).

    Conclusion

    Flocked swabs released more S. pneumoniae compared to both Dacron and rayon swabs from mock specimens. Similarly, higher bacterial loads were detected by qPCR from flocked swabs compared with Dacron swabs from healthy children.

  • Document Type:
  • Collection(s):
No Related Documents.
You May Also Like: