Smoking Cessation Efforts Among WISEWOMAN Program Participants, 2014–2018
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Smoking Cessation Efforts Among WISEWOMAN Program Participants, 2014–2018

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  • Alternative Title:
    J Womens Health (Larchmt)
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    Smoking is a preventable risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD), indicating the importance of smoking cessation. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Well-Integrated Screening and Evaluation for WOMen Across the Nation (WISEWOMAN) Program funded 21 recipients to provide preventative health services, including healthy behavior support services, to low-income, uninsured, or underinsured women, between 40 to 64 years of age, aimed at lowering CVD risk for women from January 2014 to June 2018. This article explores WISEWOMAN's smoking prevalence and smoking cessation efforts. Analyses were conducted to assess smoking status and other CVD risk factors among 71,671 unique women from all 21 WISEWOMAN funded recipients. Information on CVD risk factors, including smoking status, were collected. Women who were identified as currently smoking during their initial visit were referred to smoking cessation services and their smoking status was revisited during their rescreening. The overall smoking cessation prevalence was 16.9% during the funding cycle. This small increase from the previous iteration of WISEWOMAN (14.9%), supports WISEWOMAN's continued emphasis on smoking cessation through community-clinical linkages. The distribution of smoking cessation did vary by race and ethnicity (| < 0.001). Hispanic women had a higher smoking cessation (38.1%) compared to non-Hispanic American Indian/Alaska Native, non-Hispanic Black, and non-Hispanic White women (17.4%, 15.1%, and 13.7% respectively). In the next iteration of the WISEWOMAN Program, it is anticipated that continued emphasis will be placed on achieving health equity among women who smoke, to reduce CVD risk.
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