Intensive AIDS Education: Good Evidence – Risk Reduction
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Intensive AIDS Education: Good Evidence – Risk Reduction

  • 10/03/2016

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    Intensive AIDS Education is a four-session, small-group, interactive, AIDS education program based on problem solving therapy delivered to youth in jail. The intervention is delivered to small groups of 8 male inmates and focuses on relevant health education issues, emphasizing HIV/AIDS-related issues. The Problem-Solving Therapy approach is used to guide group discussions and includes the following steps: problem orientation, defining and formulating the problem, generating alternative solutions, decision-making, and implementing a solution. As part of the first step in the discussion – problem orientation – participants share and discuss facts and beliefs about HIV. Then, participants define and formulate the problem by identifying specific attitudes or behaviors that need to be modified in order to prevent against HIV. For generating alternative solutions, participants suggest and compile possible courses of action. During the decision-making step, participants critique and evaluate the alternative solutions. Finally, participant s engage in role-play and rehearsal exercises to practice implementing the solution. Topics covered during the group discussions are general HIV education information, factors related to drug initiation or drug use, the meaning and consequences of sexual activity, and the relationship between drug use and sexual activity and HIV risk, and how to seek health care services, social services, and drug treatment.
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