Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, Beijing, 2003
Published Date:Jan 2004
Source:Emerg Infect Dis. 10(1):25-31.
Corporate Authors:for the Beijing Joint SARS Expert Group
Communicable Diseases, Emerging
Infectious Disease Transmission, Patient-to-Professional
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
Description:The largest outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) struck Beijing in spring 2003. Multiple importations of SARS to Beijing initiated transmission in several healthcare facilities. Beijing's outbreak began March 5; by late April, daily hospital admissions for SARS exceeded 100 for several days; 2,521 cases of probable SARS occurred. Attack rates were highest in those 20-39 years of age; 1% of cases occurred in children <10 years. The case-fatality rate was highest among patients >65 years (27.7% vs. 4.8% for those 20-64 years, p < 0.001). Healthcare workers accounted for 16% of probable cases. The proportion of case-patients without known contact to a SARS patient increased significantly in May. Implementation of early detection, isolation, contact tracing, quarantine, triage of case-patients to designated SARS hospitals, and community mobilization ended the outbreak.
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