Health Equity Indicators for Cardiovascular Disease Toolkit
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    Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains the leading cause of death in the United States. Despite advances in clinical care and treatment, stark inequities in cardiovascular risk factors and outcomes persist by race and ethnicity, socioeconomic status, geography, and other factors. Extensive research has shown that social, economic, and environmental factors shape health outcomes even more than what happens inside clinic walls. Therefore, measurement and evaluation approaches need to consider these factors, especially the systems and structures that influence them.

    This toolkit presents health equity indicators (HEIs) across eight focus areas, or health equity themes, which influence inequities in cardiovascular disease prevention, care, and management as outlined in the HEI Conceptual Framework for CVD. The Framework is based on the Social-Ecological Model and provides a model for understanding health inequities in CVD by graphically representing how HEIs are interconnected and occur through structural and socioenvironmental drivers, across socio-ecological levels, and throughout the lifespan. An indicator profile is available for each focus area (except for classismA) to describe the relevance of the indicators and provide specific measures that health departments or health care organizations may use to support their health equity efforts.

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