Guidelines for preventing transmission of human immunodeficiency virus through transplantation of human tissue and organs
Published Date:May 20, 1994
Corporate Authors:National Center for Infectious Diseases (U.S.) ; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.), Office of the Associate Director for HIV/AIDS. ;
Prevention & Control
Tissue And Organ Procurement
Transplantation Of Organs, Tissues, Etc
HIV Infections/Prevention & Control
Tissue And Organ Procurement/Standards
Transplantation Of Organs, Tissues, Etc/Complications
Series:MMWR. Recommendations and reports : Morbidity and mortality weekly report. Recommendations and reports ; v. 43, no. RR-8
Description:Introduction -- Background -- Recommendations -- References.
This report presents guidelines developed by a working group formed by the Public Health Service in 1991 to revise previous recommendations for preventing HIV transmission through transplantation of human tissue and organs. The revised guidelines address issues such as donor screening, testing, and exclusionary criteria; quarantine of tissue from living donors; inactivation or elimination of infectious organisms in organs and tissues before transplantation; timely detection, reporting, and tracking of potentially infected tissues, organs, and recipients; and recall of stored tissues from donors found to have been infected after donation. Factors considered in the development of these guidelines include: differences between the screening of living and cadaveric donors; time constraints due to organ/tissue viability that may preclude performing certain screening procedures; differences in the risk of HIV transmission from various organs and tissues; differences between systems for procuring and distributing organs and tissues; the effect of screening practices on the limited availability of organs and some tissues; and the benefit of the transplant to the recipient.
Supporting Files:No Additional Files
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